A Tornado refuels en route to a strike

British Forces involved in Operation Granby

Picture: A Tornado refuels en route to a strike with two Paveways on the centreline pylons.

Their support and the Iraqi forces arrayed against them:

The Royal Navy

Type 42 Destroyers
HMS York
HMS Gloucester
HMS Cardiff
HMS Exeter
HMS Manchester
Type 22 Frigates
HMS Battleaxe
HMS Brazen
HMS Brave
HMS Brilliant
HMS London
Leander Class Frigate
HMS Jupiter
Submarines
HMS Opossum
HMS Otus
Mine Counter-Measures Vessels
HMS Cattistock
HMS Atherstone
HMS Hurworth
HMS Brocklesbury
HMS Ledbury
HMS Dulverton
HMS Bicester
HMS Brecon
MCM Command Ships
HMS Herald
HMS Hecla
Royal Fleet Auxiliaries
RFA Orangeleaf
RFA Olna
RFA Fort Grange
RFA Resource
RFA Argus
RFA Diligence
RFA Bayleaf
RFA Sir Tristram
RFA Sir Bedivere
RFA Sir Galahad
RFA Sir Percivale
Fleet Air Arm
Sea King helicopters
Lynx helicopters

The Army

1st (British) Armoured Division, including the following major units:

7th Armoured Brigade
The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
The Queen's Royal Irish Hussars
1st Battalion The Staffordshire Regiment
40 Field Regiment RA
21 Engineer Regiment
4th Brigade
14th/20th King's Hussars
1st Battalion The Royal Scots
3rd Battalion Royal Regiment of Fusiliers
2 Field Regiment RA
23 Engineer Regiment
Divisional Troops
16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers
4 Regiment Army Air Corps
26 Field Regiment RA
32 Heavy Regiment RA
39 Heavy Regiment RA
12 Air Defence Regiment RA
39 Armoured Engineer Regiment
Other supporting units

The Royal Air Force

Elements of the following squadrons were deployed to the Gulf:

Tornado F3 5, 11, 23, 25, 29, 43 Squadrons
Tornado GR1 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 20, 27, 31, 617 Squadrons
Tornado GR1a 2, 13 Squadrons
Jaguar GR1 6, 41, 54 Squadrons
Buccaneer 12, 208 Squadrons
Nimrod Maritime Patrol Aircraft 42, 120, 201, 206 Squadrons
C-130 Transport Aircraft 24, 30, 47, 70 Squadrons
VC-10 Tankers 55 Squadron
Tristar K1 Tankers 216 Squadron
Chinook and Puma Helicopters 7, 18, 33, 230 Squadrons
RAF Regiment 20, 26, 34, 51, 58, 66 Squadrons

Multinational Assistance Provided to UK Forces

Bahrain - Assistance with ammunition and utilities
Belgium - Air transport; logistics stores; medical unit
Canada - 100 bed hospital with medical staff; offer of artillery ammunition
Denmark - Aeromedical aircraft and medical unit
France - Offer of artillery ammunition
Germany - Chemical detection vehicles; air transport; electronic warfare vehicles; loan of ammunition and aircraft engine components
Kuwait - Air transport
Netherlands - Ammunition; surgical team
New Zealand - Air transport; medical unit
Norway - 50 bed hospital and medical staff
Oman - Airfield services and accommodation
Portugal - Naval transport vessel and air transport
Romania - 200 bed hospital and medical staff
Saudi Arabia - Free fuel, food, water, transport and accommodation
Singapore - Medical unit
Spain - Air transport and supply of logistics items
Sweden - 360 bed hospital with medical staff
United Arab Emirates - Free berthing for RN vessels
In addition, the following nations made financial contributions to the British costs of Operation Granby - Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, Kuwait, Luxembourg, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, and the United Arab Emirates.

The Scale of Operation Granby

Britain committed some 45,000 personnel to the operation.
The fighting strength of the 1st (British) Armoured Division included about 180 Challenger main battle tanks, about 260 Warrior armoured infantry vehicles, 90 artillery pieces and 18 Lynx helicopters.
Up to the formal ceasefire on 11 April, the Royal Navy carried out 3,171 challenges and took part in 36 boardings of merchant vessels while enforcing the embargo.
During the land offensive, the 1st (British) Armoured Division moved and fought over 290 kilometres.
The RAF flew over 4,000 sorties and 2,500 support sorties during hostilities, and dropped over 3,000 tonnes of weapons.
An estimated 400,000 tonnes of freight were moved to the Gulf, including about 80,000 tonnes of ammunition and some 15,000 vehicles, of which 2,600 were armoured.
Half a million parcels and 21 million letters were sent to and from the British forces in the Gulf.

Estimated Iraqi Forces in the Kuwait Theatre of operations on 16 January 1991

Personnel over 40 Divisions
Tanks 4,500
Armoured Personnel Carriers 2,700
Artillery Pieces 3,250

Text size:
medium|
larger|
largest