Jaguar GR3/GR3A

Roles

This ground-attack aircraft was the result of a major UK/France collaborative programme, which followed agreement of a joint Anglo- French requirement in 1965.

Specifications

  • Engines: Two RR Adour turbofans
  • Thrust: 8249lbs each
  • Max speed: 1.4Mach
  • Length: 16.83m
  • Max altitude: 40,000ft
  • Span: 8.69m
  • Aircrew: 1
  • Armament: AIM-9L Sidewinder, Paveway II, Paveway III, General Purpose Bombs, CRV-7, Aden 30mm

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Who uses the Jaguar GR3/GR3A

41 Squadron
RAF Coningsby

Details

This ground-attack aircraft was the result of a major UK/France collaborative programme, which followed agreement of a joint Anglo- French requirement in 1965 for a dual-role advanced/operational trainer and tactical support aircraft.

The UK ordered about 200 of the aircraft, a mix of single-seat ground-attack aircraft and two-seat trainers of which some 46 remain in first-line service. Deliveries began in 1973, and at its peak the Jaguar equipped eight front-line RAF squadrons in the UK and Germany.

Over the years, the Jaguar has been upgraded to ensure it remains a potent fighter-bomber, and one that served with distinction during the 1991 Gulf War and subsequent operations over Iraq and the Balkans.

The most recent upgrade to GR3A (or T4 for the 2-seat version) standard included improved avionics with the Global Positioning System (GPS) and Terrain-Referenced Navigation (TRN), Night-Vision Goggles (NVG) compatible lighting (both internally and externally), helmet-mounted sight, and new Head-Up and Head-Down Displays in the cockpit. GR3A upgrade also includes a planned ASRAAM capability. These modifications have ensured that the Jaguar is fully capable for performing day and night operations.

The aircraft's twin Adour turbofan engines have also been updated to the Mk106 standard, giving greater fuel economy and more power in high ambient temperatures.

In the reconnaissance role, the Jaguar is fitted with an externally mounted pod, equipped with videotape and sensors. It can also carry the Thermal Imaging Airborne Laser Designation (TIALD) pod for self-designation of targets or co-operative designation for attacks by other aircraft equipped with precision-guided weapons.

The Jaguar force is being run down as the Typhoon aircraft start to enter service with the RAF. 54(F) Squadron was disbanded in 2005 and 41(R) Sqn has changed roles to an Operational Evaluation Unit, with the closure of RAF Coltishall the final Jaguar squadron (6 Sqn) disbanded in 2007.

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Jaguar aircraft

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