Griffin HT1

60 Squadron

60 Squadron

60(R) Squadron Crest

Badge:

A markhor's head - approved by King George VI in December 1937. Chosen to commemorate many years of service in North-West India, the markhor being a mountain goat frequenting the Khyber Pass. The horns of a markhor were presented to the Squadron in 1964Motto:

Motto:

Per ardua ad aethera tendo - 'I strive through difficulties to the sky'.





Key Dates:

  • Formed at Gosport in April, 1916.
  • Spent almost 50 years based in the Middle and Far East.

  • Current Aircraft and Location:

    Current Aircraft: [link not available]

    Current Location: RAF Shawbury

    Battle Honours:

    Western Front 1916-1918*, Somme 1916*, Arras, Somme 1918, Hindenburg Line*, Waziristan 1920-1925, Mohmand 1927, North West Frontier 1930-1931, Mohmand 1933, North West Frontier 1925-1939, Burma 1914-1942*, Malaya 1941-1942*, Arakan 1942-1944, North Burma 1944, Manipur 1944*, Burma 1944-1945.

    History of 60(R) Squadron:

    Formed at Gosport on 30 April 1916, barely a month had passed before the unit and its Morane Scouts were despatched to France. After suffering heavy losses during the Battle of the Somme, the Squadron re-equipped with Nieuport Scouts and soon acquired a first-class reputation for itself. On 2 June 1917, Captain WA Bishop received the Victoria Cross for his solo attack on a German aerodrome destroying three enemy aircraft in the air and several 'probables' on the ground before returning unhurt in a badly damaged aircraft. A month later, SE5 fighters arrived and these remained with the Squadron until it was disbanded on 22 January 1920.

    Reformed at Lahore in India on 1 April 1920, the Squadron, now equipped with de Havilland bombers, began an association with the Middle and Far East that was to last for 48 years. Between the wars, the unit found itself involved in many conflicts along the North West Frontier, flying DH9A and Wapiti general-purpose aircraft until Blenheims arrived six months before the start of World War II. After moving to Burma (now called Myanmar) in February 1941, the Squadron suffered heavily at the hands of the advancing Japanese forces and was eventually declared non-operational and moved to India a year later. During 1943, No 60 Squadron converted to Hawker Hurricane fighter-bombers, attacking targets in Burma until May 1945 when American-built Thunderbolt fighters arrived. Shortly after the Japanese surrender, the Squadron moved to Java and was soon in action against Indonesian rebels. A year later, No 60 transferred to Singapore prior to converting to Spitfire F18s and these were employed in attacks against Communist guerrillas in Malaya until the arrival of Vampires in late 1950 and then Venoms in 1955.

    By the time Meteor night-fighters arrived in October 1959, the unit had returned to Singapore. A change of pace followed in July 1961 when supersonic Javelin fighters arrived and these remained until April 1968 when the Squadron was disbanded. On 3 February 1969, the Royal Air Force Communications Squadron based at Wildenrath in Germany was retitled No 60 Squadron and the unit found itself flying ancient Pembroke transports until more modern Andovers arrived in 1987. As with many other Germany-based units, the end of the cold war saw many moves. No 60 disbanded at Wildenrath on 1 April 1992 but reappeared two months later at RAF Benson in Oxfordshire with Wessex helicopters. This proved a short-lived stay and the Squadron was disbanded and the numberplate passed on to the RAF element of the Defence Helicopter Flying School at RAF Shawbury.

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