70 Squadron

LXX Squadron

70 Sqn Crest

Badge:

A demi-wing lion erased - approved by King Edward VIII in October 1936. Developed from an unofficial winged lion badge probably derived from the Squadron's long dependence on the Napier Lion engine during the 1920s.

Motto:

Usquam - 'Everywhere'



Key Dates:

1916 - Formed at South Farnborough

Current Aircraft and Location:

Current Aircraft: None

Current Location: RAF Cranwell

Battle Honours:

Western Front 1916-1918*, Somme 1916*, Arras, Ypres 1917*, Somme 1918, Kurdistan 1922-1924, Iraq 1918-1929, Kurdistan 1930-1931, Northern Kurdistan 1932, North West Frontier 1937, Mediterranean 1940-1943, Egypt and Libya 1940-1943*, Greece 1940-1941, Syria 1941, Iraq 1941*, El Alamein, North Africa 1942-1943*, El Hamma, Sicily 1943, Italy 1943-1945*, Salerno, Anzio and Nettuno, Gustav Line, Gothic Line, South East Europe 1944-1945*, South Atlantic 1982, Gulf 1991.

(Honours marked with an asterisk, may be emblazoned on the Squadron Standard)

History of LXX Squadron:

Formed at South Farnborough on 22 April 1916, Number 70 Squadron was the first RFC Squadron to fly the Sopwith 1½-Strutter. The unit transferred to Fienvillers in France one Flight at a time such was the gravity of the situation between May and August 1916 to take up fighter patrols. As the Germans perfected their tactics, losses on the Squadron rose, and a year later the Squadron converted to the more capable Camels.

After the Armistice, the unit remained in Germany until February 1919 when it returned the UK, disbanding briefly during January 1920 only to reform nine days later at Heliopolis, Egypt by renumbering No 58 Squadron equipped with Vimy heavy bombers. Within three years, No 70 had moved to Iraq and re-equipped with Vernon bombers/transports which were flown on the Cairo-Baghdad air mail run until 1927. During this time, the Squadron also took part in operations against rebel tribesmen and insurgents on the Turkish frontier and received Victorias shortly before the famous evacuation of Kabul in 1928. Valentias arrived in 1935, and these lumbering aircraft spent the first year of World War II on transport duties around the Middle East until Wellington bombers replaced them in late 1940. Successive versions of the Wellington were used during the North African and Italian campaigns and it wasn't until February 1945 that Liberators replaced them and remained with the Squadron when it returned to the Middle East at the end of the year and disbanded in April 1947.

In May 1948, No 215 Squadron based at Kabrit, Egypt, was renumbered No 70 Squadron, and the unit resumed transport duties around the region with Dakotas. Shortly before re-equipping with Hastings' in late 1955, the Squadron and its Valletas transferred to Cyprus, subsequently taking part in the Suez campaign in 1957. Following a short-lived period with Argosys, No 70 began converting to the Hercules and finally returned to the UK, joining the Lyneham Transport Wing in 1975 after 55 years overseas. Since then, the Squadron has been involved in many operations and relief flights in many countries and is currently one of the two squadrons still flying the original Hercules C1 and C3.

70 Sqn is no longer at RAF Lyneham. The standard is now at RAF Cranwell, it is expected to be stood up again as the new A400M Squadron to be based at RAF Brize Norton.

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