There are seven flying Squadrons currently located at RAF Brize Norton:
- Number 10 Squadron
- Number XXIV Squadron
- Number 30 Squadron
- Number 47 Squadron
- Number LXX Squadron
- Number 99 Squadron
- Number 101 Squadron
They operate in the Air Transport, Air-to-Air Refuelling and Aeromedical roles.
Additionally, 'B' Flight of No. 206(R) Squadron carries out Hercules test and evaluation.
Number 10 Squadron operates the Airbus A330 'Voyager' K2 (two point refueller) and K3 (three point refueller) aircraft. Voyager is a dual role aircraft, providing air-to-air tanker and air transport capabilities.
Number's XXIV, 30 and 47 Squadrons, operating the Lockheed Martin C-130J Hercules aircraft, specialise in the Tactical Air Transport role; the air dropping of paratroops and supplies. The Hercules is particularly suited to the delivery of humanitarian aid, even into some of the most inhospitable areas of the world.
Number LXX Squadron: The Air Force Board Standing Committee has confirmed that No. LXX Squadron will stand up as the first operational Airbus A400M Atlas Squadron, to be based at RAF Brize Norton. The Squadron was stood-up, in an administrative and engineering support capacity, on 1 October 2014, which will allow sufficient time for it to be configured and manned appropriately prior to formally accepting air transport tasking from Summer 2015.
Number 99 Squadron are equipped with the Boeing C-17A Globemaster III aircraft, configured in the strategic air transport role. This large capacity aircraft is well suited to the delivery of strategic assets throughout the world.
Number 101 Squadron is the most recent operator of the Airbus A330 'Voyager' K2 & K3 aircraft, having retired its ageing Vickers VC10 aircraft on 25th September 2013.
Number 206(R) Squadron, 'B' Flight, are responsible for the test and evaluation of the Lockheed Martin C-130J Hercules aircraft, as part of theaircraft’s capability development process, and will assume the same responsibility for the RAF's Airbus A400M Atlas, when the first aircraft arrives in 2014.