Developed as a private venture by the Bristol Aeroplane Company, the Beaufighter was a two-seat all-metal fighter using components from the Beaufort torpedo-bomber. First flown on July 17 1939, the Beaufighter eventually equipped 52 RAF squadrons, giving outstanding service during World War II, in particular as a night-fighter and torpedo-bomber (where the aircraft were affectionally known as 'Torbeaus').
Entry into Fighter Command service came during August 1940 with the Fighter Interception Unit at Tangmere. The following month, five squadrons received the Mark 1F equipped with Mark IV Air Intercept radar for night-fighter duties although the type's first kill wasn't until November of that year. The Beaufighter continued as a night-fighter until 1943, and the last aircraft (a TT10) was not retired from RAF service until 1960, nearly 21 years after the type's first flight.
Defiant in the air
Sleek fuselage with large triangular tail. From the side the cockpit is partially obscured by the large engines. Wings mounted well-forward on the fuselage with the engines protuding prominently from the leading edge.
|Power and specifications|
|Accommodation||Pilot, gunner and radar operator.|
|Armament||Four 20mm Hispano cannon in nose and six .303in Browning machine guns in wings.|
|Max Speed||321 mph (518 km/h) at 15,800 ft (4,815m)|
|Length||41ft 4in (12.60m)|
|Span||57ft 10in (17.62m)|
|Powerplant||Two 1,400 h.p. Bristol Hercules XI fourteen-cylinder air-cooled engines.|