SECURING THE SKIES

Group stations of the Battle of Britain

  • 13 Headquarters

  • RAF Dyce

    RAF Dyce was home to the Dyce Sector Operations Room and Staff, and the following Squadrons during the Battle of Britain:
    - No 248 Squadron from 22 May 1940
    - No 141 Squadron from 22 August 1940
    - No 145 Squadron from 31 August 1940
    - No 1 Squadron from 9 October 1940
     

  • 12 Group Headquarters

  • 11 Group Headquarters

  • 10 Group Headquarters

  • RAF Nether Button

    Nether Button pcovided long range early warning for raids approaching the Orkney and Shetland Islands and the naval bases there

  • RAF Kirkwall

    RAF Kirkwall was used as a satellite and relief airfield for fighter and coastal operations over the Scottish Islands and naval bases there.

  • RAF Fair Isle

    Fair Isle Provided low level raid cover in the Shetland-Orkneys gap

  • RAF Rosehearty


    Rosehearty provided low level raid cover for the east coast of northern ScoUand
     

  • RAF Sumburgh

    RAF Sumburgh was home to the following Squadrons dunng the Battle.

    - No 248 Squadron from 20 July 1940
    - No 248 Squadron from 31 July 1940

  • RAF Wick

    RAF wick was home to the Wick sector Operations Room and Staff. and the following Squadrons during the Battle

    - No 1 Squadron from 23 May 1940

  • The Thrumster


    Thrumster provided long range earty warning for the extreme north of Scotland.

     

  • RAF Drytree


    Drytree provided low level raid cover for the south coast of Cornwall and the Western Approaches.
     

  • RAF Carnaton


    Carnaton provided low level raid cover for the north coast of Cornwall and the southern half of the Bristol Channel Approaches.
     

  • RAF St Eval


     
    RAF St Eval was home to the following Squadrons during the Battle

    - No 222 Squadron from 18 June 1940
    - No 236 Squadron from 8 August 1940
    - No 238 Squadron from 14 August 1940
    - No 222 Squadron from 11 September 1940
     

  • RAF Rame Head


    Rame Head provided low level raid cover for the Plymouth area.
     

  • RAF Roborough


    RAF Roborough was home to the following Squadrons during the Battle.

    - No 247 Squadron from 1 August 1940
     

  • RAF Hawks Tor


    Hawks Toi provided long range early warning for Plymouth, Exeter and the south coast of Cornwall and Devon, as well as the southern aspect of the Western Approaches.
     

  • RAF West Prawle


    West Prawle provided low level raid cover for the approaches to Exeter and Plymouth.
     

  • RAF Exeter.


    RAF Exeter was home to the following Squadrons during the Battle

    - No 213 Squadron from 18 June 1940
    - No 87 Squadron from 5 July 1940
    - No 601 Squadron from 7 September 1940
     

  • RAF Wermwell


    RAF Warmwell was home Lo the following Squadrons during the Battle

    - No 152 Squadron from 12 July 1940

     

  • RAF Worth


    Worth provided long range early warning for the south coast from Weymouth to Southampton, and faced the Cherbourg Peninsula, home of the Fighter squadrons of Lufttlotte Ill.

     

  • RAF Middle Wallop.


    RAF Middle wallop was home to the Middle wallop Sector Operations Room and Staff, and the following Squadrons during the Battle.

    - No 236 Squadron from 14 June 1940
    - No 238 Squadron from 20 June 1940
    - No 401 Squadron RCAF from 21 June 1940
    - No 501 Squadron from 4 July 1940
    - No 609 Squadron from 5 July 1940
    - No 604 Squadron from 26 July 1940
    - No 222 Squadron from 13 August 1940
    - No 238 Squadron from 10 September 1940
    - 25 September 1940
     

  • RAF Colerne


    RAF Colerne was used as a satellEte and relief airfield for Middle Wallop during the Battle, units rotated in and out of the station on a daily basis
     

  • RAF Boscombe Down


    RAF Boscombe Down was home to the following Squadrons during the BattIe

    - No 249 Squadron from 14 August 1940
    - No 56 Squadron from 1 September 1940
     

  • RAF Filton

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  • RAF Pembrey


    RAF Pembrey was home to the following Squadrons during the Battle:

     - No 92 Squadron from 18 June 1940
    - No 79 Squadron from 8 September 1940
     

  • RAF St Twynells


    St Twynells provided low level raid caver for the approaches to the Bristol Channel and the ports of Swansea and Cardiff.
     

  • RAF Warren


    Warren provided long range early warning for the Western Approaches and the Bristol Channel.
     

  • RAF Haycastle


    Haycastle provided long range early warning for the southern Irish Sea.
     

  • RAF Strumble Head

    Strumble Head provided low level raid cover for Cardigan bay, the southern Irish Sea, and is still in use today as a CAA radar station.

  • RAF Ventnor


    Ventnor provided long range early warning for the south coast, particularly for Southampton and Portsmouth.
     

  • RAF Lee on Soient


    Lee on Soient was, along with Gosport. one of the Royal Navys airfields used ¡n the defence of Southampton and Ports mouth. Royal Navy fighters were perma nently based there, and occasionally RAF units were detached, using the airfield in the same way as a satellite or relief landing ground.
     

  • RAF Gosport


    Gosport was, along with Lee-on-Solent, one of the Royal Navys airfields used in the defence of Southampton and Ports mouth. Royal Navy fighters were perma nently based there, and occasionally RAF units were detached, using the airfield in the same way as a satellite or relief landing ground.
     

  • RAF Thorney Island


    RAF Thorney Island was home to the following Squadrons during the Battle:

    - No 236 Squadron from 4 July 1940
     

  • RAF Tangmere


    RAF Tangmere was home to the Tengmere Sector Operations Room and Staff. and the following Squadrons dunng the Battle:

    - No 145 Squadron from 10 May 1940
    - No 43 Squadron from 31 May 1940
    - No 601 Squadron from 17 June 1940
    - No 1 Squadron from 23 June 1940
    - No 266 Squadron from 9 August 1940
    - No 17 Squadron from 19 August 1940
    - No 607 Squadron from I September 1940
    - No 601 Squadron from 2 September 1940
    - No 213 Squadron from 7 September 1940
    - No 145 Squadron from 9 October 1940
     

  • RAF Wsthampnett


    RAF wsthnpnett was home to the following Squadrons during the BattIe

    - No 145 Squadron from 31 July 1940
    - No 602 Squadron from 13 August 1940
     

  • RAF Ford


     
    RAF Ford was home to the following Squadrons during the Battle:

    - No 23 Squadron from 12 September 1940
     

  • RAF Poling


    Poling provided low level raid cover for the south coast between Poctsmouth and Brighton.
     

  • RAF Truleigh


    Truleigh provided low level raid cover for the south coast in the Brighton area
     

  • RAF Beachy Head


    Beachy Head provided low level raid cover for the the south Channel coast between Brighton and Hastings.
     

  • RAF Pevensey


    Pevensey provided long range early warning for the south coast and Channel. looking over the raid assembly areas in northern France
     

  • RAF Fairlight


    Fairlight provided low level raid cover for the south coast between Hastings and Rye.
     

  • RAF Rye


     
    Rye provided long range early warning for the south coast and Channel, looking over the Cap Gnz Nez area of northern France
     

  • RAF Lympne


    Lympne was one of the 11 Group satellite airfields used by units on a day-to-day basis as required. often flights or squad rons would detach to such an airfield in the morning and return to their main operating and maintenance base in the evening Due to the extreme forward position of this site it was under constant threat of attack and was not permanently manned during the Battle by any one Squadron.
     

  • RAF Hawkinge


    RAF Hawkinge was home to the following Squadrons dunng the Battle

    - No 79 Squadron froni 2 July 1940

     

  • RAF Dover


     
    Dover provided low level raid cover for the south Channel coast across the shortest crossing point of the Channel and for one of the busiest south coast ports.
     

  • RAF Foreness


    Foreness proVided low level raid cover for the approaches to the Thames estuary and London.
     

  • RAF Manston


    RAF Manston was home to the following Squadrons dunng the Battle:

    - No 604 Squadron from 15 May 1940
    - No 600 Squadron from 20 June 1940
     

  • RAF Dunkirk


    Dunkrk provided long range early warning for the Thames estuary and the south eastern approaches to London.
     
     

  • RAF Eastchurch


     
    RAF Eastchurct was home to the foIIowng Squadrons during the Battle:

    - No 266 Squadron from 12 August 1940
     

  • RAF Detling.


    Detling was one of the 11 Group satellite airfields used by units on a day-to-day basis as required. often flights or squad rons would detach to such an airlield in the morning and return to their main operating and maintenance base in the evening

     

  • RAF Kenley


    RAF Kenley was home to the Kenley Sector Operations Room and Staff. and the following Squadrons during the Battle


    - No 615 Squadron from 20 May 1940
    - No 616 Squadron from 19 August 1940
    - No 253 Squadron from 29 August 1940
    - No 66 Squadron from 3 September 1940
    - No 501 Squadron from 10 September 1940
    - No 253 Squadron from 16 September 1940
     

  • RAF Biggin Hill.


    RAF Biggin Hill was home to the Biggin Hill Sector Operations Room and Staff. and the following Squadrons dunng the Battle.

    - No 32 Squadron from 4 June 1940
    - No 79 Squadron from 5 June 1940
    - No 610 Squadron from 2 July 1940
    - No 79 Squadron from 27 August 1940
    - No 72 Squadron from 31 August 1940
    - No 92 Squadron from 8 September 1940
    - No 141 Squadron from 13 September to 18 September 1940
    - No 72 Squadron from 14 September 1940
    - No 74 Squadron from 15 October 1940
     
     
     

  • RAF Croydon


    RAF Croydon was home to the following Squadrons dunng the Battle


    . No 111 Squadron from 4 June 1940
    - No 501 Squadron from 21 June 1940
    - No 401 Squa&on RCAF from July 1940
    - No 85 Squadron from 19 August 1940
    - No 72 Squadron from 1 September 1940
    - No 111 Squadron from 3 September 1940
    - No 605 Squadron from 7 September 1940
     

  • RAF Gravesend


    RAF Gravesend was home to the following Squadrons during the Battle


    - No 610 Squadron from 26 May 1940
    - No 604 Squadron from 3 July 1940
    - No 501 Squadron from 25 July 1940
    - No 66 Squadron from 11 September 1940
     

  • RAF Hornchurch


    RAF Homchurch was home to the Horn-church Sector Operations Room and Staff. and the following Squa&ons during the Battle


    - No 65 Squadron from 5 June 1940
    - No 74 Squadron from 25 June 1940
    - No 54 Squadron from 24 July 1940
    - No 41 Squadron from 26 July 1940
    - No 54 Squadron from 8 August 1940
    - No 266 Squadron from 14 August 1940
    - No 600 Squadron from 22 August 1940
    - No 264 Squadron from 22 August 1940
    - No 603 Squadron from 27 August 1940
    - No 41 Squadron from 3 Septembec 1940

     

  • RAF Northolt


    RAF Northolt was home to the Northolt Sector Operations Room and Staff. and the following Squadrons during the Battle:


    - No 609 Squadron from 19 May 1940
    - No 257 Squadron from 4 July 1940
    - No 303 Squadron from 22 July 1940
    - No 43 Squadron from 23 July 1940 to 1 August 1940
    - No 1 Squadron from 1 August 1940
    - No 401 Squadron RCAF from Mid-August 1940
    . No 615 Squadron from 10 October 1940
    - No 302 Squadron from 11 October 1940
     
     

  • RAF Hendon


    RAF Hendon was home to the foIIowng Squadrons during the BattIe

    - No 257 Squadron from 17 May 1940
    - No 504 Squadron from 5 September 1940
     

  • RAF Stapleford


    RAF Stapleford was home to the following Squadrons during the Battle.


    - No 151 Squadron from 29 August 1940
    - No 46 Squadron from 1 September 1940
     

  • RAF Rochford


    RAF Rochford was home to the following Squadrons during the Battle

    - No 54 Squadron from 25 June 1940
    - No 264 Squadron from 27 August 1940
     
     

  • RAF North Weald


    RAF North Weald was home to the North Weald Sector OperaÙons Room and Staff. and the following Squadrons during the Battle:


    . No 151 Squadron from 20 May 1940
    - No 56 Squadron from 4 June 1940
    - No 25 Squadron from 1 September 1940
    - No 249 Squadron from 1 September 1940
    - No 257 Squadron from 8 October 1940

  • RAF Canewdon


    Canewdon provided long range early warning for the Thames estuary and the north eastern approaches to London
     

  • RAF Debden.


    RAF Debden was home to the Debden Sector Operations Room and Staff, and the following Squadrons during the Battle
    - No 85 Squadron from 22 May 1940
    - No 17 Squadron from 19 June 1940
    - No 257 Squadron from 15 August 1940
    - No 601 Squadron from 19 August 1940
    - No 111 Squadron froni l9August 1940
    - No 17 Squadron from 2 September 1940
    - No 25 Squadron from 8 October 1940
     

  • RAF Walton


    Walton provided low level raid cover for the northern approaches to the Thames estuary and London.
     

  • RAF Bromley


     
    Bromley provided long range early warning foc the eastern approaches to the Thames estuary
     

  • RAF Bawosey


    Bawdsey provided long range early warning for the southern North Sea and the Channel approaches, as well as radar coverage for coastal convoys

     

  • RAF Martlesham


    RAF Martlesham was home to the following Squadrons dixng the Batfle
    - No 25 Squadron from 19 June 1940
    - No 257 Squadron from 5 September 1940.
    - No 17 Squadron from 8 October 1940
     

  • RAF High Street


    High Street provided long range early warning for the southern North Sea and approaches to East Anglia
     

  • RAF Dunwich

    Dunwich provided low level raid cover for the central East Anglian coast.

  • 11 Group

  • RAF Duxtord


    RAF Duxford was home to the Duxford Sector Operations Room and Staff. and the following Squadrons during the Battle:
    - No 264 Squadron from 10 May 1940
    - No 19 Squadron from 3 July 1940
    - No 310 Squadron from 10 July 1940
    - No 46 Squadron from 18 August 1940
    - No 312 Squa&on from 29 August 1940
    - No 242 Squadron from 26 October 1940
    - No 19 Squadron from 30 October 1940
     

     

  • RAF Stoke Holy Cross


    Stoke Holy Cross provided long range early warning for central East Anglia and the approaches to the southern midlands
     

  • RAF Wttering


    RAF fltenng was home to the ttenng Sector Operations Room and Staff. and the following Squadrons during the Battle
    - No 266 Squadron from 14 May 1940
    - No 74 Squadron from 14 August 1940
    - No 266 Squadron from 21 August 1940
    - No 1 Squadron from 9 September 1940
     

  • RAF Happisburgh


    Happisburgh provided low level raid cover for the forth East Anglian coast
     

  • RAF ColtshaIl.


    RAF Coltishall was home to the following Squadrons during the BattIe
    - No 66 Squadron (rom 29 May 1940
    - No 242 Squadron from 18 June 1940
    - No 616 Squadron from 3 September 1940
    - No 74 Squadron from 9 September 1940
    - No 72 Squadron from 13 October 1940
     

  • RAF West Beckham


    West Beckham provided long range early warning for north East Anglia and the area of the Wash, along with the approaches to the southern midlands.
     

  • RAF Tern Hill


    Tern Hill was one of the 12 Group airfields used for resting units, and as a training airfield and maintenance depot. It was used as a relief landing ground and as a temporary base for night fighters operating against raids on Liverpool and cities in the north midlands.
     

  • 12 Group

  • RAF Digby


    RAF Digby was home to the Digby Sector Operations Room and Staff. and the following Squadrons during the BatHe:
    - No 46 Squadron from 13 June 1940
    - No 29 Squadron from 27 June 1940
    - No 46 Squadron from 19 August 1940
    - No 151 Squadron from 1 September 1940
    - No 611 Squadron from 10 October 1939
     

  • RAF Ingoidmels


    Ingoidmels provided low level raid cover for the Lincolnshire coast north of the Wash on the approaches to Nottingham and the industrial cities of the north midlands.
     

  • RAF Stenigot


    Stenigot provided long range early warning for raids from Luftflotte V and the northern elements of Luftllotte Il along the approaches to Sheffield and Notngham and the central midlands.
     

  • RAF Kirton-In-Undsey


    RAF Kirton-in-Lindsey was home to the Kirton-in-Lindsey Sector Operations Room and Staff, and the following Squadrons during the Battle
    - No 222 Squadron from 4 June 1939
    - No 253 Squadron from 24 May 1940
    - No 264 Squadron from 23 July 1940
    - No 74 Squadron from 21 August 1940
    - No 264 Squadron from 28 August 1940
    - No 616 Squadron from 9 September 1940
    - No 85 Squadron from 23 October 1940
     
     
     
     

  • RAF Easlngton


    Easington provided long range early warning for raids from Luftflotte V and the northern elements of  Luftflotte U &ong the approaches to Manchester and the north midlands.
     
     

  • RAF Church Fenton


    RAF Church Fenton was home to the Church Fenton Sector Operations Room and Staff and the following Squadrons during the Battle
    - No 87 Squadron from 26 May 1940
    . No 73 Squadron from 18 June 1940
    - No 249 Squadron from 8 July 1940
    - No 85 Squadron from 5 September 1940
     
     

  • RAF Leconfield


    RAF Leconfield was home to the following Squadrons during the Battle:
    - No 249 Squadron from 18 May 1940
    - No 616 Squadron from 6 June 1940
    - No 302 Squadron from 13 July 1940
    - No 303 Squadron from 11 October 1940
     

  • RAF Flamborough Head


    Flamborough Head provided low level raid cover for the central east coast and the approaches to York.
     

  • RAF Staxton Wold

    Staxton Wold provided long range early warning for raids from Luftflotte V along the approaches to the north midlands.

  • RAF Danby Beacon


    Dan by Beacon provided long r,ge early warning for raids approaching the north midlands and the indusLrial cities of the north of England.
     

  • RAF Catterick


    RAF Cattenck was home to the following Squadrons dunng the Battle:

    - No 219 Squadron from 4 October 1939
    - No 41 Squadron from 8 June 1940
    . No 54 Squadron from 28 July 1940
    - No 41 Squadron from 8 August 1940
    - No 504 Squadron from 1 September 1940
    . No 54 Squadron from 3 September 1940
    - No 600 Squadron from 12 October 1940
     

  • RAF Shotton


    Shotton provided long range early warning for north of England in the Durham to Middlesbrough region
     

  • RAF Usworth


    RAF Uswortti was home to the Usworth Sector Operations Room and Staff. and the following Squadrons during the Battle:

    - No 607 Squadron from 5 June 1940
    - No 43 Squadron from 8 September 1940
     

  • RAF School Hill


    Schoo’ Hill provided low level raid cover for the central east coast of Scotland and the approaches to Aberdeen.
     

  • RAF Hillhead


    Hilihead provided long range early warning for north of Scotland.
     
     

  • RAF Cresswell


    Cresswell provided low level raid cover for the north of England coast in the New castle region.
     
     

  • RAF Ottercops Moss


    Ottercops Moss provided long range early warning for the industrial cities and ship building yards of the central north of England.
     

  • RAF Acklington


    RAF Acklington was home to the Acklington Sector Operations Room and Staff, and the following Squadrons dunng the BatUe


    - No 72 Squadron from 6 June 1940
    - No 79 Squadron from 13 July 1940
    - No 32 Squadron from 28 August 1940
    - No 610 Squadron from 31 August 1940
     

  • RAF Bamburgh


    Bamburgh provided long range early warning for raids approaching the north of England.
     

  • RAF Dorone Hill


    Doonies Hill provided long range early warning for raids approaching central Scotland and Aberdeen.
     

  • RAF Cockburnspath


    Cockbumspath provided low level raid cover for the southern approaches to the Firth of Forth.
     

  • RAF Drem


     
    RAF Diem was home to the following
    Squadrons during the Battle
    . No 145 Squadron from 14 August 1940
    - No 263 Squadron from 2 September 1940
    - No 111 Squadron from 8 September 1940
    - No 141 Squadron from 15 October 1940
     

  • RAF Turnhouse


    RAF Tumhouse
    RAF Tumhouse was home to the Turn-
    house Sector Operations Room and Staff,
    and the following Squadrons during the Battle:
    - No 603 Squadron from 5 May 1940
    - No 141 Squadron from 28 June 1940
    - No 253 Squadron from 21 July 1940
    - No 65 Squadron from 28 August 1940
    - No 141 Squadron from 30 August 1940
    - No I Squadron from 14 September 1940
    - No 607 Squadron from 10 October 1940
     

  • RAF Grangemouth


    RAF Grangeniouth was home to thefollowing Squadrons during the Battle.


    . No 263 Squadron from 28 June 1940
     

  • RAF Anstruther


    Anstruther provided long range early warning for raids approaðwng southern Scotland, Edinburgh and the Firth.
     

  • RAF Doonies Hill


    Doonies Hill provided long range early warning for raids approaching central Scotland and Aberdeen.
     

  • RAF Douglas Wood


    Douglas Wood provided low level raid cover in central Scotland and the approaches to Dundee
     

  • RAF St Cyrus


    St Cyrus pronc1ed long range ea1y warning for central Scotland and Lte approaches to Dundee
     

  • 13 Group

  • 10 group