Puma HC1


Used as battlefield helicopters within the Joint Helicopter Command and provide tactical troop and load movement by day or by night.


  • Engines: Two Turbomeca Turmo 3-C4 turbines
  • Thrust: 1300shp each
  • Max speed: 147kts
  • Length: 14.08m
  • Max altitude: 17,000ft
  • Span: 15.09m
  • Aircrew: 3

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Who uses the Puma HC1

33 Squadron
RAF Benson
230 Squadron
RAF Benson


The Puma HC1 first entered service in 1971, and the RAF currently has a fleet of 34 aircraft available to the front-line Support Helicopter Force. The aircraft are operated by Nos 33 and 230 Squadrons, both based at RAF Benson. The combined Puma Force is separated into 5 operational flights and an operational conversion flight, which offers flexibility in its role with both desert warfare and arctic warfare specialist equipment available for fitting to the aircraft.

The Pumas are used as battlefield helicopters within the Joint Helicopter Command and provide tactical troop and load movement by day or by night. The aircraft can carry up to 16 passengers or 12 fully-equipped troops, or up to two tonnes of freight carried either internally or as an under-slung load. The other major role is that of casualty or medical evacuation support, for which up to six stretchers can be fitted.

Each aircraft is equipped with satellite- based GPS equipment and an instrument landing system, enabling the aircraft to be navigated accurately and to be landed at suitably equipped airfields in poor weather conditions. The normal crew of two pilots, or a pilot and a weapons systems officer, plus a crewman, is trained in procedural instrument flying and tactical low flying by day and by night using display night-vision goggles. The aircrew and their supporting ground crew are also trained to operate from inhospitable areas in all conditions ranging from desert to arctic environments.

For self-defence, the Puma also has a defensive-aids suite. This suite includes an integrated radar warning receiver, a missile-approach-warning system, an infrared jammer and automatic chaff and flare dispensing equipment. In addition, two cabin-mounted general purpose machine guns can be fitted for use by the crewmen.

The aircraft is currently undergoing a life extension programme that will see a number of integrated modifications made to the aircraft to enable it to cope more effectively with the intense heat and increased altitudes of current operational theatres.

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