CXX Squadron

A maritime patrol squadron based in Scotland.

Badge for CXX Squadron


Standing on a demi-terrestrial globe, a falcon close. The falcon, an Icelandic Falcon, commemorates the Squadron’s stay there and indicates the Squadron’s predatory instincts.


  • Based at RAF Lossiemouth, the Squadron is the first to operate the P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft (MPA)
  • 120 was the first RAF squadron to be equipped with American MPA when it operated Liberator GR mk1 from RAF Nutts Corner, County Antrim
  • 120 Squadron was the highest-scoring anti-submarine warfare squadron in WWII


1918 – On the 1 January 120 Squadron stood up as a Royal Flying Corps unit at RAF Cramlington, Northumberland.

1941 – CXX flew Liberator GR mk1 aircraft in the Battle of the Atlantic.

1942 - 1944 – Forward deployed, then fully relocated, to Reykavik, Iceland.

1951 – First RAF squadron to operate the Avro Shackleton – the first purpose-built MPA the UK had produced.

2017 – Stood up as the first P-8A Poseidon MPA squadron.

Battle honours

Atlantic, 1941–1945*

Biscay, 1941–1944*

Arctic, 1942–1944*

Channel and North Sea, 1941–1944*

South Atlantic, 1982

Gulf, 1991

Iraq, 2003

Iraq 2003-2011

Honours marked with an asterisk* are those emblazoned on the Squadron Standard


Please contact the home Station Media Communications team for more information or to contact the Squadron

Media enquiries details for RAF Lossiemouth

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